By Simon Hug
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Additional resources for Altering Party Systems: Strategic Behavior and the Emergence of New Political Parties in Western Democracies
3 While agreeing that these are interesting arguments, I contend that they have to be considered more carefully in their strategic context. More precisely, individuals or groups which bring new demands such as environmental issues to the forefront are engaged in a strategic interaction with the established parties. The former would like the established parties to adapt their programs and integrate the new demands; the latter are confronted with the task of integrating these new demands, while simultaneously satisfying their voters and activists.
The demand can be either a high or a low one. The established party either accepts or rejects the demand, but it has to reach its decision without knowing precisely how strong the potential new party is. If the established party rejects the demand, the potential new party decides whether or not it wants to form a new party. 1 on a time line. To represent the uncertainty under which the established party has to decide whether to accept the demand formulated by the potential new party, I depict a move by nature determining the strength of the latter actor.
This program sketched out in 25 points the ideas of the Nazi movement. 19 Later these demands became even more specific and Hitler publicized them in the party's newspaper:20 Already on September 18, 1922, shortly after Luedecke met with Mussolini on Hitler's request, Hitler, according to a report in the V61kischen Beobachter, formulated the following demands, which proved to be decisive for his policies: Punishing of the November-criminals, death penalty for profiteers and informers, informing the population about the peace treaty and the question of guilt, expulsion of Jews, remedy of housing needs, ending of the national dishonor and naming of streets and places after German heroes.
Altering Party Systems: Strategic Behavior and the Emergence of New Political Parties in Western Democracies by Simon Hug
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