By R. Anthony Lodge
Paris turned the most important urban within the Western global in the course of the 13th century, and has remained influential ever on the grounds that. This ebook examines the interlinked background of Parisian speech and the Parisian inhabitants via numerous stages of immigration, dialect-mixing and social stratification from the center a while to the current. It unearths how new city modes of speech constructed in periods of growth, how the city's elites sought to differentiate their language from that of the hundreds, and the way a working-class vernacular ultimately emerged with its personal "slang" vocabulary.
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Extra info for A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French
Andersen sees dialect openness/closedness and exocentricity/ endocentricity as impinging directly on internal linguistic structure: on the whole, open dialects undergo rapid change and embody simpler phonological and morphological systems, while closed dialects are conservative and possess rather complex phonological and morphological systems. There is an afﬁnity between these ideas and Le Page’s notion of dialectfocusing (see Le Page and Tabouret-Keller 1985) and the Milroys’ thinking on language and social networks (see Milroy 1992).
A graphic image of the extent of the city’s physical expansion is to be seen in the area enclosed by the city wall constructed at the end of the twelfth century (see Map 1). 40 A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French ôpital Croix de la Reine St. Nicolas des Champs T Trinit é Le Temple T ST S St ST St. St. Honoré T ST TE T TE T TIN LES CHAMPEAUX Les Halles Sts. É St. re St. Germain l'Auxerrois le Louvre St. Merri Stee. Catherine i SEIN t T TE BARBETTE POTERIE? E t POR RTE DE PARIS ARI Tour Philippe T p Hamelin LA ANNERIE?
Varying with the level of in-migration, dialect-levelling will then take place in the way we have just described. Increase in the town’s population will eventually cause the density of communication between the inhabitants of the town to exceed that with people from outside. This will lead to a certain degree of sociolinguistic focusing and to the emergence of new linguistic norms somewhat different from those of the hinterland dialects: the speech of the town is thereby modiﬁed and gradually rises above the regional dialect continuum to form a new dialect of its own.
A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French by R. Anthony Lodge
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