By Mario Saltarelli
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Additional resources for A Phonology of Italian in a Generative Grammar
The phonemic system formulated on this basis would consist of 14 instead of 12 vowels: (8) e e i i o ö u ü e e o ö a ä but the advantages are far greater if we consider that the number of consonantal segment types is now reduced by 14: (9) t p k d b n m s f v C l r g n ä c ^ g l In addition, since tenseness is concomitant with length in consonantal segments, we are motivated to choose the second feature over the first. Thus one feature, length, would be used in dealing with both vocalic and consonantal segments, resulting in a more parsimonious analysis.
E. boundaries). A segment is a fragment of speech identified in terms of articulatory/acoustic properties. It is a segment-type representation of an infinity of segmenttokens. Segment-types are to be understood as part of the representation of speech rather than actual slices of physical sounds. They are theoretical constructs in an abstract representation of sounds. The boundaries can be regarded as spaces where the sequences of segment-types break up. These are assigned no acoustic properties.
It is assumed that the following are reasonable conditions to be required of a phonological description. They are not entities of the particular phonological theory of Italian, but rather universals of the general theory of phonology assumed. (1) (i) Speech events are represented as sequences of segments and boundaries. (ii) There is a restricted and fixed set of properties or binary distinctive features that are used to characterize segments. (iii) The representation of an utterance must be independently and unambiguously readable.
A Phonology of Italian in a Generative Grammar by Mario Saltarelli
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